More about Italy:
Italy, officially the Italian Republic (Italian: Italia or Repubblica Italiana), is a Southern European country. It comprises the Po River valley, the Italian Peninsula and the two largest islands in the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily and Sardinia. It is shaped like a boot and for this reason Italians commonly call it "lo stivale" ("the boot").
The Italian Republic shares its northern alpine boundary with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. The country also shares a sea border with Croatia, Slovenia and France.
Italy was home to many well-known and influential European civilizations, including the Etruscans, Greeks and the Romans. For more than 3,000 years Italy experienced migrations and invasions from Germanic, Celtic, Frankish, Lombard, Byzantine Greek, Saracen, Norman, and Angevin peoples, and was divided into many independent states until 1861 when Italy became a nation-state.
Italy is called "il Belpaese" (Italian for beautiful country) by its inhabitants, due to the beauty and variety of its landscapes and for having the world's largest artistic patrimony; the country is home to the greatest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites (41 as of July 13, 2006).
Today, Italy is a highly developed country with the 7th highest GDP in 2006, a member of the G8 and a founding member of what is now the European Union, having signed the Treaty of Rome in 1957.
A Short Course in Italian:
- English: inglese /inˈgleze/
- Good-bye: arrivederci /arriveˈdertʃi/
- Hello: ciao /ˈtʃao/ (informal); buongiorno /bwonˈdʒorno/ (good morning/good day), buona sera /bwonaˈsera/ (good evening)
- Yes: sì /si/
- No: no /nɔ/
- How are you? : Come stai /ˈkome ˈstai/ (informal); Come sta /ˈkome sta/ (formal)
- Sorry: mi dispiace /mi disˈpjatʃe/
- Excuse me: scusa ˈskuza (informal); scusi ˈskuzi (formal)
- Again: di nuovo, /di ˈnwɔvo/; ancora /aŋkora/
- Always: sempre /ˈsɛmpre/
- When: quando /ˈkwando/
- Why/Because: perché /perˈke/
- How much: quanto /ˈkwanto/
- Thank you!: grazie! /ˈgratːsie/
- Bon appetit: buon appetito /ˌbwɔn appeˈtito/
- You're welcome!: prego! /ˈprɛgo/
- I love you: Ti amo /ti ˈamo/; Ti voglio bene /ti ˈvɔʎo ˈbɛne
FREE DAILY NEWSLETTER: Get the latest videos delivered to your inbox by subscribing to the free "Video of the Day" newsletter here.